Example 143: Ancient Megalithic stone circle

[Note: This example illustrates CCO creator display option 3 for unknown creators (CCO page 92). In this example, the “Creator” field is linked to a Name Authority record for unknown. The “Culture” field provides context.]

Work Record
  Class [controlled]: • architecture  • ancient European art
*Work Type [link]: • standing stones  • temple  • observatory  • megalithic monument
*Title/Name: Stonehenge Title Type: preferred
*Title/Name: Stone Henge Title Type: alternate
*Creator Display:  unknown
*Role [link]: architects  [link]: unknown
*Creation Date:  first phase: early 4th millennium BCE; second phase: early 3rd millennium BCE; third phase: mid-2nd millennium BCE
Qualifier: first phase [controlled]: Earliest: -3999 Latest: -3700 | Qualifier: second phase [controlled]: Earliest: -2999 Latest: -2700 | Qualifier: third phase [controlled]: Earliest: -1700 Latest: -1300
*Subject[links]: • architecture  • religion and mythology  • ceremonial site  • astronomical • megaliths
Style [link]: • Neolithic  • Bronze Age
Culture [link]: prehistoric British
*Current Location [link]: Salisbury Plain (England)
*Measurements: tallest: 6.7 m high (22 feet), weighing up to 41 metric tons each (45.2 tons) [controlled]: Qualifier: tallest Value: 6.7 Unit: m Type: height | Qualifier: heaviest Value: 41 Unit: metric tons Type: weight
*Materials and Techniques: sarsen stone and bluestone, post-and-lintel construction, with an earthwork
Material [links]:  • sarsen  • bluestone  • earth Technique [link]: • post-and-beam
Description: Neolithic through Late Bronze Age. Large standing stones surrounded by an earthwork, dating from Neolithic Period to the Early Bronze Age; studies suggest three building periods; religious purposes are undetermined, but axial alignments to the sun and moon exist. Comprises a series of concentric rings of standing stones around an altar stone at the center. The first ring has a horseshoe plan of originally five trilithons, each of two upright stones supporting a single colossal lintel. The current site is considerably ruined, the stones greatly weathered and many of the stones having been pilfered by medieval and early modern builders.
Description Source [link]: “Stonehenge.” Encyclopædia Britannica Online (accessed 29 January 2005).

* Required and recommended elements are marked with an asterisk.


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