Example 147: Roman Temple

[Note: This example illustrates CCO creator display option 1 for unknown creators (CCO page 92). In this example, the “Creator” field is linked to a Name Authority record for unknown Roman and to a Name Authority record for the patron Emperor Hadrian.]

Image courtesy of Archivision, Inc.

Work Record
Class [controlled]: Roman architecture
*Work Type [link]:  • temple  • rotunda  • church
*Title/Name: Pantheon Title Type: preferred
*Title/Name: Santa Maria ad Martyres Title Type: alternate
*Title/Name: Santa Maria Rotunda Title Type: alternate
*Creator Display: unknown Roman, for the Emperor Hadrian (Roman emperor and patron, 76 CE-138 CE, ruled 117-138)
*Role [link]: architect  [link]: unknown Roman  
*Role [link]: patron   [link]: Hadrian  
*Creation Date Display:  begun in 27 BCE, completely rebuilt 118/119-125/128 [controlled]: Earliest:  0118 Latest: 0128
*Subject [links]:  • architecture  • religion and mythology  • worship  • planetary gods (Greek and Roman iconography)  • Queen of Martyrs (Veneration of the Virgin Mary)  • domes (dome components)  • oculi (openings)  • porches
Culture [link]: Roman
*Current Location [link]: Rome (Italy)
*Measurements: dome: 43 m (interior diameter and height) (141 feet); oculus: 8.9 m (diameter) (29 feet 2 inches)
[controlled] Qualifier: interior  Extent: dome, Value: 43 Unit: m Type: height |
 43 Unit: m Type: diameter || Extent: oculus Value: 8.9 Unit: m Type: diameter
*Materials and Techniques:  constructed of stone, brick, concrete, and aggregate material; the drum is strengthened by huge brick arches and piers set above one another inside the walls
Material [links]:  • concrete  • stone  • brick  • concrete  • aggregate Technique [links]: • rotunda
Description: The Pantheon was dedicated to the seven planetary gods in 128 CE. It was consecrated as a church in the early seventh century. It is the major surviving example of Roman concrete-vaulted architecture. It is composed of a domed rotunda attached to a columned entrance portico. Now free-standing, it was originally the focal point of a long, porticoed forecourt.
Description Source [links]: • Ward-Perkins, John B., Roman Architecture. New York: 1977. • MacDonald, William L., The Pantheon. London: Penguin Books, Ltd., 1976. • Torres, Carlo Antonio. Cenni sulla forma primitiva del Pantheon fabbricato per ordine di Marco Agrippa, e sulla ristorazione da farsi al medesimo, di Carlo Antonio Torres. Imprint: Roma, Da’ tipi di Giunchi e Menecanti, 1838.

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