Class [controlled]: • decorative arts • textiles • European art
*Work Type [link]: • tapestry (wall hanging)
*Title: Unicorn in Captivity
*Creator Display: unknown South Netherlandish
*Role [link]: designer [link]: unknown
*Creation Date: 1495-1505 [controlled]: • Earliest: 1495 • Latest: 1505
*Subject [links]: • object (utilitarian) • allegory • unicorn (mythological animal) • human figure • female • Unicorn in Captivity (Christian iconography) • Passion of Christ (Christian iconography) • pomegranate tree • virginity • marriage • fertility
Culture [link]: • Flemish
*Current Location [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, New York, United States) • ID: 37.80.6
Creation Location [link]: Brussels (Flanders, modern Belgium)
*Measurements: 368 x 251.5 cm (12 feet 1 inch x 8 feet 3 inches)
[controlled]: • Value: 368 Unit: cm Type: height | • Value: 251.5 Unit: cm Type: width
*Materials and Techniques: wool warp, wool, silk, silver, and gilt wefts
Material [links]: • wool • silk • gold thread • silver thread Technique [links]: • weaving
Inscriptions: monograms: FR; AE
Description: From the Unicorn Hunt series; the story merges pagan and Christian iconography; Unicorn was captured after resting his head in a virgin’s lap, as Christ sacrificed his divinity to become human through a virgin; this scene represents the Resurrected Christ; other symbolism, including the fecund flora, suggests this tapestry celebrated a marriage. The unicorn also represents the beloved tamed. He is tethered to a tree and constrained by a fence, but the chain is not secure and the fence is low enough to leap over: The unicorn could escape if he wished. Clearly, however, his confinement is a happy one, to which the ripe, seed-laden pomegranates in the tree—a medieval symbol of fertility and marriage—testify.
Description Source [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art online. www.metmuseum.org (accessed 02 July 2007)
Relationship Type: part of
[link to Work Record]: series: Unicorn Tapestries; South Netherlandish; 1495/1505; Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, New York, USA)
Required and recommended elements are marked with an asterisk.
The Visual Resources Association Foundation (VRAF) has appointed a task force to research and explore options for the continued, sustained, and future development, maintenance, web presence, and administrative structure of Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO).
The Visual Resources Association Foundation is pleased to announce that a Russian translation of Cataloging Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Works and Their Images is available online. The translation is a project of the Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
|buy the book from Amazon
or from the publisher, ALA