Example 126: Persian carpet

Work Record
Class [controlled]: • decorative arts • textiles • Islamic art
*Work Type [link]: • carpet
*Title: Ardabil Carpet
*Creator Display: Maqsud of Kashan (Persian, active in 16th century)
*Role [link]: designer [link]: Maqsud of Kashan
*Creation Date: 946 anno Hegirae (1540 CE) [controlled]: • Earliest: 1540 • Latest: 1540
*Subject [links]: • object (utilitarian) • religion and mythology • worship • lamps (lighting devices) • medallions (ornament areas) • Hafiz (Persian poet, 1325-1389), The Divan
Style [link]: • Persian (culture) • Safavid Dynasty (Iranian Islamic style) • Tabriz
Culture [link]: • Persian
*Current Location [link]: Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Los Angeles, California, United States) • ID: 53.50.2
Former Location [link]: Safi-ud-din Mosque (Ardabil, Iran)
*Measurements: 718.82 x 396.24 cm (283 x 156 inches); knot density around 325 knots per square inch
[controlled]: • Value: 718.82 Unit: cm Type: height | Value: 396.24 Unit: cm Type: width | Extent: knot density per square inch Value: 325 Type: count
*Materials and Techniques: pile is wool, in places both wool and silk; warp and weft are of cotton; knots are Turkish Ghiordes (symmetrical knots); outer border has been replaced
Material [links]: • wool • cotton • silk thread Technique [links]: • weaving • symmetrical knots
Inscriptions: signed by Maqsud of Kashan, dated 946 A.H. Inscribed with Persian couplet from The Divan, by the fourteenth-century lyrical poet Hafiz: [I have no refuge in this world other than thy threshold; My head has no resting place other than this doorway].
Description: Design includes a central medallion with radiating pendants; quarter medallions repeated in the corners; unique design element seen in the lamps projecting from the top and bottom of the central medallion; designs are set against a dense field of flowers that grow from scrolling leafy vines. This large carpet and its nearly identical mate, now in London, were made for the mosque of Safi-ud-din in Ardabil, which is the holiest of Persian religious shrines. Since the artist was from Kashan, the carpet was probably actually produced there, and not made in Ardabil, which produces a different style of carpet. In this carpet, the central medallion with radiating pendants was ultimately derived from contemporary and earlier bookbinding and manuscript illumination.
Description Source [link]: Los Angeles County Museum of Art online. www.lacma.org (accessed 06 July 2007)
• Scott, Philippa, “Carpets in the Victoria and Albert Museum,” Apollo, Nov, 2003.

Related Works:

Relationship Type
[controlled]: mate of
[link to Work Record]: Ardabil Carpet; Maqsud of Kashan; 1540; Victoria and Albert Museum (London, England); ID: 272-1893

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