Class [controlled]: decorative arts musical instruments European art
*Work Type [link]: viola da gamba
*Title: Viola da Gamba
*Creator Display: Richard Meares (English, 17th century)
*Role [link]: creator [link]: Meares, Richard
*Creation Date: ca. 1680 [controlled]: Earliest: 1675 Latest: 1685
*Subject [links]: music musical instruments fiddles viols
Culture [link]: English
*Current Location [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, New York, United States) ID: 1982.324
Creation Location [link]: London (England)
*Measurements: length of body: 65.3 cm (25 3/4 inches)
[controlled]: Value: 65.3 Unit: cm Type: length
*Materials and Techniques: wood
Material [links]: wood
Inscriptions: marks, printed label: Richardus Meares / Instrument.Music.Fabric.in area / Boreali.D. Pauli apud Londinates
Description: Viols, the most esteemed bowed instruments of the late Renaissance, were only gradually displaced by the violin family. Viols differ from violins chiefly in shape, in number of strings and tuning, and in having fretted necks. All viols are played in an upright position between the knees or on the legs (“gamba” means “leg”), and the bow is held palm upward. Their sound is less brilliant and quieter than that of violin’s. Chamber music for a consort of four to six viols was composed during the Renaissance and Baroque eras, and solo works for the bass viol were being played until nearly the end of the eighteenth century.
Description Source [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art online. www.metmuseum.org (accessed 03 July 2007)
Required and recommended elements are marked with an asterisk.
The Visual Resources Association Foundation (VRAF) has appointed a task force to research and explore options for the continued, sustained, and future development, maintenance, web presence, and administrative structure of Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO).
The Visual Resources Association Foundation is pleased to announce that a Russian translation of Cataloging Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Works and Their Images is available online. The translation is a project of the Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
|buy the book from Amazon
or from the publisher, ALA