Example 90: Stained glass, formerly part of a whole

Work Record
Class [controlled]: • decorative arts • European art
*Work Type [link]: • stained glass (visual work)
*Title: Theodosius Arrives at Ephesus (Scene from the Legend of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus)
*Creator Display: unknown French
*Role [link]: artist   [link]: unknown French
*Creation Date: 1200-1205 [controlled]: • Earliest: 1200 • Latest: 1205
*Subject [links]: • history/legend • religion/mythology • Theodosius (Roman Emperor, 401-450)  • Seven Sleepers (Christian iconography)  • horse • journey
Style [link]: • Gothic (Medieval)
Culture [link]: • French
*Current Location [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art, Cloisters Collection (New York, New York, United States)  • ID: 1980.263.4
Creation Location [link]: Notre Dame Cathedral (Rouen, Haute-Normandie, France)
*Measurements: 63.5 x 71.5 cm (25 x 28 1/8 inches)
[controlled] Value: 63.5 Unit: cm Type: height |  Value: 71.5 Unit: cm Type: width
*Materials and Techniques: pot-metal glass with vitreous paint
Material [links]: • pot-metal glass • vitreous paint • lead
Description: Probably from the cathedral at Rouen. The legend of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus was very popular in the Middle Ages, but the only known extensive cycle of this story in stained glass was from the nave of the cathedral of Rouen. This panel is stylistically similar to a window devoted to Saint John the Evangelist still found in the cathedral’s nave, and both have a light, bright palette of relatively unusual colors. The Seven Sleepers were the heroes of a famous legend that, because it affirmed the resurrection of the dead, had a lasting popularity in all Christendom and in Islam during the Middle Ages. According to the story, during the persecution of Christians (ca. 250 CE) under the Roman emperor Decius, seven or eight Christian soldiers, in order to avoid doing pagan sacrifices, were concealed near their native city of Ephesus in a cave. The entrance to the cave was sealed and they fell into a miraculous sleep. During the reign of the Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II (408-450 CE), the cave was reopened and the Sleepers miraculously awoke.
Description Source [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art online. www.metmuseum.org (accessed 25 June 2007)
• “Seven Sleepers of Ephesus.” Encyclopædia Britannica Online (accessed 27 June 2007) <http://search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9066942>
Related Work:
Relationship Type [controlled]: formerly part of
[link to Work Record]: Cycle of the Seven Sleepers; Notre Dame Cathedral (Rouen, France); early 13th century

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