Example 66: Egyptian relief

[Note: This example illustrates CCO creator display option 2 for unknown creators (CCO page 92). In this example, the “Culture” field is used for the primary identification of an unknown creator. It is linked to a Concept Authority record for Egyptian.]

Work Record
Class [controlled]: • sculpture • murals • Egyptian art
*Work Type [link]: • relief sculpture
*Title: Relief of Nebhepetra Mentuhotep
*Creator Display: Egyptian, reign of Nebheptere Mentuhotep
*Role [link]: sculptor [link]: Egyptian
*Creation Date: during or immediately after the reign of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep (ca. 2040-2010 BCE) [controlled]: Earliest: -2050 • Latest: -2000
*Subject [links]: • religion and mythology • funerary object • Mentuhotep II • pharaoh • hieroglyphics • human figure • male
Style [link]: Middle Kingdom (Egyptian)
Culture [link]: Egyptian
*Current Location [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, New York United States) • ID: 07.230.2
Creation Location: mortuary temple of Nebhepetre (Deir el-Bahri, Western Thebes, Egypt)
*Measurements: 35.9 cm (height) (14 1/8 inches)
[controlled]: • Value: 35.9 Unit: cm Type: height
*Materials and Techniques: painted limestone, low relief carving
Material [links]: • limestone • paint Technique [links]: • bas-relief
Inscriptions: In part, the hieroglyphics include the name Mentuhotep (“Montu [a local Theban god] is satisfied”), enclosed in the oval-shaped cartouche in front of his face; his Horus name, Sematawy (“Uniter of the Two Lands [Upper and Lower Egypt]”) is seen at the top of the rectangular device (a serekh) next to the cartouche.
Description: Mentuhotep II was the founder of the Middle Kingdom, reuniting Egypt after the chaotic First Intermediate Period. This relief comes from his mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri in western Thebes. The high standards of the royal Theban workshops are evident in the delicately modeled low relief and the finely painted details.
Description Source [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art online. www.metmuseum.org Page: accessed 15 December 2006

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