Example 77: Indian sculpture

[Note: This example illustrates CCO creator display option 1 for unknown creators (CCO page 92). In this example, the “Creator” field is linked to a Name Authority record for unknown Indian.]

Work Record
Class [controlled]: • sculpture • Asian art
*Work Type [link]: • statue
*Title: Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
*Creator Display: unknown Indian
*Role [link]: sculptor   [link]: unknown Indian
*Creation Date: ca. 11th century [controlled]: Earliest: 0975 • Latest: 1125
*Subject [links]: • religion and mythology • Shiva (Hindu deity)  • Nataraja (Lord of the Dance)  • human figure • male
Style [link]: Chola
Culture [link]: Indian (South Asian)
*Current Location [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, New York, United States)  • ID: 1987.80.1
Creation Location [link]: Southern India
*Measurements: 68.3 cm (height) (26 7/8 inches ); 56.5 cm (diameter) (22 1/4 inches)
[controlled]: • Value: 68.3 Unit: cm Type: height |  • Value: 56.5 Unit: cm Type: diameter
*Materials and Techniques: copper alloy, lost-wax process
Material [links]: • copper alloy Technique [links]: • lost-wax process
Description: Shiva as Lord of the Dance with a Flaming Body Halo. In his dance of ecstasy Shiva raised his left leg, and, in a gesture known as the “gaja hasta,” pointed to his lifted leg to provide refuge for the troubled soul. He thus imparted the lesson that through belief in him, the soul of mankind can be transported from the bondage of illusion and ignorance to salvation and eternal serenity. Encircling Shiva is a flaming body halo (“prabhamandala,” or surrounding effulgence) that not only establishes the visual limits of this complex and dynamic composition but also symbolizes the boundaries of the cosmos.
Description Source [link]: Metropolitan Museum of Art online. www.metmuseum.org  Page: accessed 21 December 2006

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