Example 81: Chinese sculpture

[Note: This example illustrates CCO creator display option 2 for unknown creators (CCO page 92). In this example, the “Culture” field is used for the primary identification of an unknown creator. It is linked to a Concept Authority record for Chinese.]

Work Record
Class [controlled]: • sculpture • Asian art
*Work Type [link]: • statue
*Title: Head of a Buddha
*Creator Display: Chinese
*Role [link]: sculptor   [link]: Chinese
*Creation Date: Tang dynasty, ca. 700 [controlled]: Earliest: 0690 • Latest: 0710
*Subject [links]: • religion and mythology • Buddha (Buddhist deity)  • human figure • male • head
Style [link]: Tang
Culture [link]: Chinese
*Current Location [link]: Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution (Washington, District of Columbia, United States)  • ID: S1977.26
Discovery Location: Longmen (Henan, China)
*Measurements: unavailable
*Materials and Techniques: dark gray limestone
Material [links]: • limestone
Description: Probably from Longmen caves. Carved of dark gray limestone, this imposing Buddha head is characterized by a serene yet remote expression that is typical of early Tang dynasty religious images. Imperial patronage of Buddhism during the Tang dynasty, approximately seven hundred years after knowledge of Buddhism first reached China, resulted in the creation of some of the most impressive sculptures in Chinese history. For this Buddha head, all traces of Indian and Central Asian influence have been replaced by a native Chinese aesthetic. Sculptures of this style are found in the Longmen cave temples in Henan Province.
Description Source [link]: Sackler Gallery online. www.asia.si.edu  Page: accessed 22 December 2006

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