Work Records for Related Works [Figure 7]

Work Record

Class [controlled] architecture • European art
*Work Type [link] basilica
*Title Saint Peter's Basilica | Title Type: preferred
Title: St. Peter's Basilica | Title Type: alternate
Title: New Saint Peter's | Title Type: alternate
Title: San Pietro in Vaticano | Title Type: alternate
*Creator display designed and constructed by a long series of architects, including Donato Bramante (Italian, 1444-
1514), Raphael Sanzio (Italian, 1483-1520), Antonio da Sangallo the Elder (Italian, ca. 1455-1534), Michelangelo
Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564), Giacomo della Porta (Italian, 1532/1533-1602/1604), Carlo Maderno (Italian, ca. 1556-
1629), and Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Italian, 1598-1680)
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Bernini, Gian Lorenzo
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Bramante, Donato
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Buonarroti, Michelangelo
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Fra Giocondo
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Ligorio, Pirro
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Maderno, Carlo
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Peruzzi, Baldassare
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Porta, Giacomo della
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Sangallo, Antonio da, the elder
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Sangallo, Giuliano da
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Sanzio, Raphael
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Sansovino, Andrea
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link]: Vignola, Giacomo da
*Creation Date designs begun 1451, constructed 1506-1615, piazza finished 1667
[controlled]: Qualifier: design; Earliest: 1451; Latest: 1667 || Qualifier: construction; Earliest: 1506; Latest: 1615 ||
Qualifier: piazza; Earliest: 1667; Latest: 1667
*Subject [links to authorities] architecture • religion and mythology • Saint Peter (Christian iconography) • cathedral • Papal power
*Current Location [link] Vatican City (Rome, Italy)
*Measurements height of dome: 138 m (452 feet); length of main structure: 187 m (615 feet)
[controlled]: Value: 138; Unit: m; Type: height | Value: 187; Unit: m; Type: length
*Materials and Techniques load-bearing masonry construction | Material [link]: masonry | Technique [link]: bearing walls
Style [link to authority] Renaissance • Baroque
Description A three-aisled Latin cross with a dome at the crossing. The basilica had a long building history and many architects: It was begun under Pope Julius II in 1506 to replace Old Saint Peter's, and completed in 1615 under Paul V. The original plan was a Greek cross by Donato Bramante; when he died in 1514, Leo X commissioned Raphael, Fra Giocondo, and Giuliano da Sangallo to continue the Work, changing the Greek-cross plan to a Latin cross with three aisles separated by pillars. Raphael died in 1520; Antonio da Sangallo the Elder, Baldassare Peruzzi, and Andrea
Sansovino continued the Work. Sangallo died in 1546 and Paul III commissioned Michelangelo as chief architect. Michelangelo died in 1564, when the drum for the dome was nearly complete. Pirro Ligorio and Giacomo da Vignola continued the Work. Under Gregory XIII, Giacomo della Porta was put in charge of the Work. [and so on]
Description Source [link] Millon, Henry A., and Craig Hugh Smyth. Michelangelo architect. Milan: Olivetti, 1988.
*Related Work Relationship Type [controlled]: larger context for | [link to Related Work]: Dome of Saint Peter 's; dome;
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564) and others; designed mid-1550s, constructed late 16th century; Saint
Peter's Basilica (Vatican City, Rome, Italy)
 

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Work Record

Class [controlled] architecture
*Work Type [link] dome
*Title Dome of Saint Peter's | Title Type: preferred
*Creator display designed by Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564), design revised by Giacomo della Porta
(Italian, born 1532 or 1533; died 1602)
*Role [controlled]: architect | [link to Personal and Corporate Name Authority]: Buonarroti, Michelangelo
*Role [controlled]: architect | Extent: revisions to design | [link]: Porta, Giacomo della
*Role [controlled]: architect | Extent: revisions to design | [link]: Fontana, Domenico

 

*Creation Date designed mid-1550s, constructed late 16th century
[controlled]: Extent: design; Earliest: 1530; Latest: 1570 | Extent: construction; Earliest: 1451; Latest: 1600
*Subject [link to authorities] architecture • dome
*Current Location [link to authority] Saint Peter's Basilica (Vatican City, Rome, Italy)
*Measurements diameter: 42 m (138 feet); height of dome: 138 m (452 feet) above the street, 119 m (390 feet) above the floor
[controlled]: Qualifier: exterior; Value: 138; Unit: m; Type: height || Qualifier: interior; Value: 119; Unit: m; Type:
height | Value: 42; Unit: m; Type: diameter
*Materials and Technique brick, with iron chain compression ring
Material [link]: brick | Technique [link]: compression reinforcement
Description The brick dome uses four iron chains for a compression ring; it is buttressed by the apses and supported internally by four massive piers more than 18 m thick. Bramante's original floor plan called for the dome over a Greek cross plan. Michelangelo designed the dome; after his death Giacomo della Porta and Domenico Fontana executed the
dome, altering the shape to make it steeper and taller than Michelangelo's design. The dome was finally completed under Sixtus V; Gregory XIV ordered the erection of the lantern.
*Related Work Relationship Type [controlled]: part of | [link to Related Work]: Saint Peter's Basilica; basilica; Donato Bramante
(Italian, 1444-1514) and others; designs begun 1451, constructed 1506-1615; Vatican City (Rome, Italy)
 

* Required and recommended elements